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Science News

Ebola's spread shows how science needs societies to succeed

Ebola's spread shows how science needs societies to succeedThe persistence of Congo's Ebola outbreak and its deadly spread to Uganda in recent days show how societal issues are as crucial as scientific advances in controlling disease outbreaks, specialists in global public health say. Medical scientists, prompted by a devastating West African Ebola epidemic between 2013 and 2016, have worked fast to develop cutting edge vaccines, treatments and antibody-based therapies they hoped would prevent or halt future outbreaks of the virus.



06/17/2019 - 02:05 AM

 

Ebola's spread shows how science needs societies to succeed

Ebola's spread shows how science needs societies to succeedThe persistence of Congo's Ebola outbreak and its deadly spread to Uganda in recent days show how societal issues are as crucial as scientific advances in controlling disease outbreaks, specialists in global public health say. Medical scientists, prompted by a devastating West African Ebola epidemic between 2013 and 2016, have worked fast to develop cutting edge vaccines, treatments and antibody-based therapies they hoped would prevent or halt future outbreaks of the virus.



06/17/2019 - 02:04 AM

 

This Cult Videogame Is Facing Down Copycats in China

This Cult Videogame Is Facing Down Copycats in ChinaNow, WeMade Co.’s long-time videogame hit is at the center of a string of legal battles that could serve as a rallying cry for foreign companies harboring grievances against Chinese rivals. Over the last three years, the South Korean studio’s chief executive officer, Henry Chang, has filed about 65 lawsuits in China, Singapore and South Korea against Chinese gaming studios, attempting to block what he alleges are unlicensed versions of his two-decade-old title. In May, a Singapore-based arbitration court required a unit of China’s Kingnet Network Co. to pay WeMade 468 million yuan ($68 million) in royalties.



06/17/2019 - 02:00 AM

 

Trade War Has Intel Reviewing Global Supply Chain, CEO Says

Trade War Has Intel Reviewing Global Supply Chain, CEO SaysIntel doesn’t believe tariffs are an “effective way to drive global trade,” Swan said on Sunday, and is encouraging the governments to engage in constructive dialogue -- even as the company tries to mitigate the impact of the dispute. “How do we move goods -- sometimes our customers will move their operations -- and how do we work the global supply chain so less product is coming directly from China to the U.S. that would be subject to tariffs?” Swan said in an interview with Bloomberg TV in Tel Aviv.



06/17/2019 - 01:33 AM

 

Overflowing Great Lakes pose new threat for endangered bird

Overflowing Great Lakes pose new threat for endangered birdPeering through a spotting scope mounted on a tripod, researcher Alice Van Zoeren notices a piping plover skittering across a sandy, pebble-strewn Lake Michigan beach and hopping into a nest, swapping places with its mate. "Nest exchange! Did you see it?" Van Zoeren calls to colleagues. Male and female plovers take turns incubating their eggs, and this pair's flawless changing of the guard is a healthy sign.



06/17/2019 - 01:24 AM

 

Man's first steps on the Moon, reported live by AFP

Man's first steps on the Moon, reported live by AFPIt was 10:56 pm at mission control in Houston on July 20, 1969 when Neil Armstrong became the first person to step onto the Moon. AFP despatched several journalists to cover the exploit, which was broadcast live from the Moon's Sea of Tranquility to NASA's Johnson Space Center and on to televisions around the world. A few hours earlier the mission commander had suddenly announced to the world that he would exit the lunar module five hours earlier than planned.



06/17/2019 - 01:18 AM

 

Google Appoints New Chief to Oversee Tumultuous China Region

Google Appoints New Chief to Oversee Tumultuous China RegionStanley Chen will become managing director of Greater China sales, the company said Monday, taking up a post Scott Beaumont vacated after he was appointed Google’s Asia-Pacific president in March. The incoming executive, who will be based in Shanghai, had been general manager of its Taiwan business for eight years. Google takes in about 15% of its annual revenue from the Asia Pacific even though it pulled its search engine from the world’s No. 2 economy around 2010, citing censorship.



06/17/2019 - 01:16 AM

 

More dogs are getting sick as climate change pushes diseases into new parts of the US

More dogs are getting sick as climate change pushes diseases into new parts of the USFrom heartworms to Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever to Lyme disease, climate change means more dogs are getting sick.



06/16/2019 - 05:32 PM

 

Welcome to Cancerland

Welcome to CancerlandA woman who was diagnosed with multiple myeloma shares how it impacted her life.



06/16/2019 - 05:30 PM

 

More than 260 dolphins found stranded along the Gulf Coast since February. Scientists aren't sure why.

More than 260 dolphins found stranded along the Gulf Coast since February. Scientists aren't sure why.More than 260 bottle nose dolphins have been founded stranded along the Northern Gulf of Mexico since Feb. 1, 2019.



06/16/2019 - 05:24 PM

 

Blood pressure drug recall: Teva pulls losartan tablets tainted with possible carcinogen

Blood pressure drug recall: Teva pulls losartan tablets tainted with possible carcinogenTeva Pharmaceuticals has expanded its recall of losartan potassium tablets that contained a possible carcinogen



06/16/2019 - 01:29 PM

 

Rain leaves veggie farmers struggling with no aid in sight

Rain leaves veggie farmers struggling with no aid in sightLike farmers throughout the Midwest, this spring's torrential rains turned Andrew Dunham's land into sticky muck that set him back nearly a month in planting his crops. Unlike other farmers, though, Dunham won't get a piece of a $16 billion aid package to offset his losses and he can't fall back on federally subsidized crop insurance because he grows herbs, flowers and dozens of vegetable varieties, but not the region's dominant crops of corn and soybeans. "There are no federal bailouts for vegetable farmers," said Dunham, who owns an 80-acre (32-hectare) organic farm with his wife near Grinnell, about 50 miles (80 kilometers) east of Des Moines, and is enduring weeks without sales as his crops ripen.



06/16/2019 - 11:38 AM

 

Boeing says will take time to win back confidence

Boeing says will take time to win back confidenceThe head of Boeing said on Sunday the U.S. planemaker had made a mistake in implementing a faulty cockpit warning system on the 737 MAX and predicted it would take time to rebuild the confidence of customers in the wake of two fatal crashes. Chairman and Chief Executive Dennis Muilenburg said Boeing failed to communicate "crisply" with regulators and customers, but defended the broad engineering and design approach to nose-down control software at the centre of probes into the accidents that led to the plane's worldwide grounding. Muilenburg acknowledged the company made a mistake in failing to disclose a defective cockpit warning light on its 737 MAX to regulators and customers, and said that failure has been part of reviews by global regulators.



06/16/2019 - 11:35 AM

 

Boeing says will take time to win back confidence

Boeing says will take time to win back confidenceThe head of Boeing said on Sunday the U.S. planemaker had made a mistake in implementing a faulty cockpit warning system on the 737 MAX and predicted it would take time to rebuild the confidence of customers in the wake of two fatal crashes. Chairman and Chief Executive Dennis Muilenburg said Boeing failed to communicate "crisply" with regulators and customers, but defended the broad engineering and design approach to nose-down control software at the center of probes into the accidents that led to the plane's worldwide grounding. Muilenburg acknowledged the company made a mistake in failing to disclose a defective cockpit warning light on its 737 MAX to regulators and customers, and said that failure has been part of reviews by global regulators.



06/16/2019 - 11:21 AM

 

Boeing says will take time to win back confidence

Boeing says will take time to win back confidenceThe head of Boeing said on Sunday the U.S. planemaker had made a mistake in implementing a faulty cockpit warning system on the 737 MAX and predicted it would take time to rebuild the confidence of customers in the wake of two fatal crashes. Chairman and Chief Executive Dennis Muilenburg said Boeing failed to communicate "crisply" with regulators and customers, but defended the broad engineering and design approach to nose-down control software at the center of probes into the accidents that led to the plane's worldwide grounding. Muilenburg acknowledged the company made a mistake in failing to disclose a defective cockpit warning light on its 737 MAX to regulators and customers, and said that failure has been part of reviews by global regulators.



06/16/2019 - 11:21 AM

 

Heavy toll for French farms and vineyards after brutal hailstorm

Heavy toll for French farms and vineyards after brutal hailstormRomans-sur-Isère (France) (AFP) - Farmers in southeast France counted the costs from lost harvests on Sunday after a fierce storm battered the region with hail the size of ping-pong balls, decimating orchards and vineyards just as the summer season was kicking into high gear. "Pretty much my entire harvest is ruined," said Gregory Chardon who grows apricots, peaches and cherries at his farm in La Roche-de-Glun in the Drome department, about an hour's drive south of Lyon. In the neighbouring village of Pont-de-L'Isere, Aurelien Esprit showed apricots littering the ground and battered apple trees at his orchards in a Facebook video.



06/16/2019 - 10:25 AM

 

Exclusive: Boeing seeking to reduce scope, duration of some physical tests for new aircraft - sources

Exclusive: Boeing seeking to reduce scope, duration of some physical tests for new aircraft - sourcesBoeing Co engineers are reducing the scope and duration of certain costly physical tests used to certify the planemaker's new aircraft, according to industry sources and regulatory officials. As Boeing kicks off the year-long flight testing process on its new 777X, its engineers will cut hours off airborne testing by using computer models to simulate flight conditions, and then present the results to the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) as part of the basis for certification, according to two people with direct knowledge of the strategy. Reuters could not determine when Boeing decided to move forward with the plan to cut back on physical tests or the extent to which it planned to reduce them for the 777X.



06/16/2019 - 06:24 AM

 

Exclusive: Boeing seeking to reduce scope, duration of some physical tests for new aircraft - sources

Exclusive: Boeing seeking to reduce scope, duration of some physical tests for new aircraft - sourcesBoeing Co engineers are reducing the scope and duration of certain costly physical tests used to certify the planemaker's new aircraft, according to industry sources and regulatory officials. As Boeing kicks off the year-long flight testing process on its new 777X, its engineers will cut hours off airborne testing by using computer models to simulate flight conditions, and then present the results to the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) as part of the basis for certification, according to two people with direct knowledge of the strategy. Reuters could not determine when Boeing decided to move forward with the plan to cut back on physical tests or the extent to which it planned to reduce them for the 777X.



06/16/2019 - 06:11 AM

 

Men's Health Checklist for Every Age

Men's Health Checklist for Every AgeIt can be challenging to keep track of all the tests, vaccines, and preventive health measures a man needs to be healthy throughout his life. That may be one reason a 2016 American Academy of Fam...



06/16/2019 - 06:03 AM

 

Men's Health Checklist for Every Age

Men's Health Checklist for Every AgeIt can be challenging to keep track of all the tests, vaccines, and preventive health measures a man needs to be healthy throughout his life. That may be one reason a 2016 American Academy of Fam...



06/16/2019 - 06:03 AM

 

Extinction Rebellion delays drone protest at Britain's Heathrow until after summer

Extinction Rebellion delays drone protest at Britain's Heathrow until after summerClimate activism group Extinction Rebellion has postponed until later this year a plan to shut down Britain's Heathrow Airport using drones and published on Sunday more details of the protest action in a bid to allay public safety fears. "Extinction Rebellion will not be carrying out any actions at Heathrow Airport in June or July this year," the group said in a statement. Heathrow Airport responded to the group's announcement by repeating its previous warning that any use of drones near the airport would be a "reckless action" that could endanger lives.



06/16/2019 - 04:27 AM

 

Farmageddon: Tariff-Slammed Farmers Now Battling Climate Change Flood Hell

Farmageddon: Tariff-Slammed Farmers Now Battling Climate Change Flood HellPlanting season is the slowest in decades as farmers grapple with floods, rains and sodden fields.



06/15/2019 - 11:49 PM

 

The Latest: Police say shooting came after man hit officer

The Latest: Police say shooting came after man hit officerThe Corona Police Department says a fatal shooting inside a Costco Wholesale warehouse store Friday night took place after a 32-year-old man attacked an off-duty police officer. The department says in a statement that Kenneth French of Riverside assaulted the Los Angeles Police Department officer while he was holding his young child. Corona is about 50 miles (81 kilometers) east of downtown Los Angeles.



06/15/2019 - 11:16 PM

 

Climate Envoys Divide Over Reviving UN’s ‘Zombie’ Carbon Market

Climate Envoys Divide Over Reviving UN’s ‘Zombie’ Carbon MarketA deal on how to do that remains elusive and held up progress at last year’s round of discussions hosted by the United Nations in Katowice, Poland. This week in the former German capital Bonn, delegates from energy and environment ministries will try to narrow their differences about how to revive UN carbon markets that came out of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.



06/15/2019 - 10:00 PM

 

Climate Envoys Divide Over Reviving UN’s ‘Zombie’ Carbon Market

Climate Envoys Divide Over Reviving UN’s ‘Zombie’ Carbon MarketA deal on how to do that remains elusive and held up progress at last year’s round of discussions hosted by the United Nations in Katowice, Poland. This week in the former German capital Bonn, delegates from energy and environment ministries will try to narrow their differences about how to revive UN carbon markets that came out of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.



06/15/2019 - 10:00 PM

 

What happened to the Apollo goodwill moon rocks?

What happened to the Apollo goodwill moon rocks?US President Richard Nixon gave moon rocks collected by Apollo 11 and Apollo 17 astronauts to 135 countries around the world and the 50 US states as a token of American goodwill. The list below recounts the stories of some of the missing moon rocks and others that were lost and later found. It is compiled from research done by Joseph Gutheinz Jr, a retired NASA special agent known as the "Moon Rock Hunter," his students, and collectSPACE, a website which specializes in space history.



06/15/2019 - 09:51 PM

 

'Moon Rock Hunter' on quest to track down Apollo gifts

'Moon Rock Hunter' on quest to track down Apollo giftsAfter Neil Armstrong took a "giant leap for mankind" on the Moon nearly 50 years ago and collected rocks and soil along the way, Richard Nixon presented lunar souvenirs to every nation -- 135, at the time. Dozens of the "goodwill" moon rocks -- some only the size of a grain of rice, others as big as a marble -- have since gone missing, and Joseph Gutheinz Jr is on a mission to find them. "Some people go rock hunting," Gutheinz said in an interview with AFP at his law office in a Houston suburb decorated with awards from NASA and the US military.



06/15/2019 - 09:49 PM

 

Apollo moon rocks help transform understanding of the universe

Apollo moon rocks help transform understanding of the universeWhat is certain is that the lunar samples first gathered by Apollo 11's Neil Armstrong nearly 50 years ago have helped transform our understanding of the cosmos. Apollo astronauts collected 842 pounds (382 kilograms) of rocks and soil during their six missions to the Moon between 1969 and 1972 and brought it all back to Earth.



06/15/2019 - 09:45 PM

 

This remarkable Greenland photo highlights extreme Arctic melting

This remarkable Greenland photo highlights extreme Arctic meltingThe melting Arctic is on dramatic display.At mid-June, Arctic sea ice is now at a record low for this time of year, and melted ice is especially notable both in and around Greenland -- home to the second largest ice sheet on the planet. Steffen Olsen, a climate researcher at the Danish Meteorological Institute, snapped a photo on Thursday of Greenland sea ice that had melted into a large lake of aqua water, pooled atop the icy surface.Olsen, along with local hunters, had to sled across the flooded ice to retrieve vulnerable weather and ocean monitoring equipment. Their sled dogs splashed through the icy water.The adventurous sledding took place in the middle of an inlet called Inglefield Bredning, located in northwestern Greenland. Sea ice beneath the pooled water is still some 4 feet (1.2 meters) thick, though Olsen tweeted that his team is dependent upon indigenous knowledge of the dodgy terrain to safely navigate. > Communities in Greenland rely on the sea ice for transport, hunting and fishing. Extreme events, here flooding of the ice by abrupt onset of surface melt call for an incresed predictive capacity in the Arctic @BG10Blueaction @polarprediction @dmidk https://t.co/Y1EWU1eurA> > -- Steffen M. Olsen (@SteffenMalskaer) June 14, 2019Temperatures have spiked in Greenland this week, resulting in melting not just of sea ice, but of ice across the surface of nearly half the giant island. Greenland has had big melting episodes before, but this one certainly falls into the category of extreme.On Thursday alone, Greenland lost 2 billion metric tons of ice.> Yesterday (13th June), we calculate Greenland icesheet lost more than 2 Gt (2 km³) of ice,, melt was widespread but didn't quite get to SummitCamp which was just below 0°C > > The high melt is unusual so early in the season but not unprecedentedhttps://t.co/Ftg0fkC7AK pic.twitter.com/Y4jQ1FoFRZ> > -- Greenland (@greenlandicesmb) June 14, 2019Though warming spells come and go each year, overall, the big picture across the melting landmass is clear: The Arctic is the fastest warming region of the world, an increase in background warming makes warm spells all the more extreme, and ice-clad Greenland is metaphorically in hot water.SEE ALSO: Fearless TV weather forecasters air the planet's soaring carbon levels"We see now that it's melting faster than at any point in at least the last three and a half centuries, and likely the last seven or eight millennia," Luke Trusel, a geologist at Rowan University told Mashable in December. > A bit of perspective might be useful here. > > The 2019 melt extent sets a new daily record for mid-June, but it is only a little bit higher than has occurred in a few other years. More of an incremental worsening than a dramatic one. pic.twitter.com/tAY3QgyvyT> > -- Robert Rohde (@RARohde) June 14, 2019The Arctic, of which Greenland is a major part, is now changing at rates some Arctic scientists struggle to explain. "I'm losing the ability to communicate the magnitude [of change]," Jeremy Mathis, a longtime Arctic researcher and a current board director at the National Academies of Sciences told Mashable earlier this week. "I'm running out of adjectives to describe the scope of change we're seeing."   WATCH: Ever wonder how the universe might end?



06/15/2019 - 01:08 PM

 

Ugandan medics now tackling Ebola say they lack supplies

Ugandan medics now tackling Ebola say they lack suppliesThe isolation ward for Ebola patients is a tent erected in the garden of the local hospital. Gloves are given out sparingly to health workers. "We don't really have an isolation ward," the Bwera Hospital's administrator, Pedson Buthalha, told The Associated Press.



06/15/2019 - 12:05 PM

 

Exclusive: U.N. chief calls on EU to raise 2030 climate goal to 55%

Exclusive: U.N. chief calls on EU to raise 2030 climate goal to 55%U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has called on the European Union to aim for a 55% cut in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, far more than the bloc's current target for a 40% reduction. In a letter to European Council President Donald Tusk, seen by Reuters, ahead of a summit of EU leaders, Guterres said the world's largest economic bloc should lead by example to avert the worst effects of global warming and limit temperature increases to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Next week's gathering of the 28 EU heads of state is the last before a U.N. meeting on global climate talks in September.



06/15/2019 - 11:56 AM

 

Exclusive: U.N. chief calls on EU to raise 2030 climate goal to 55%

Exclusive: U.N. chief calls on EU to raise 2030 climate goal to 55%U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has called on the European Union to aim for a 55% cut in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, far more than the bloc's current target for a 40% reduction. In a letter to European Council President Donald Tusk, seen by Reuters, ahead of a summit of EU leaders, Guterres said the world's largest economic bloc should lead by example to avert the worst effects of global warming and limit temperature increases to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Next week's gathering of the 28 EU heads of state is the last before a U.N. meeting on global climate talks in September.



06/15/2019 - 11:46 AM

 

Secrets of the gut doctor: From faecal transplants to microbiome testing - the new treatments that could transform your entire health

Secrets of the gut doctor: From faecal transplants to microbiome testing - the new treatments that could transform your entire healthHave you ever considered the trillions of teeming bacteria which are spinning around your gut right now, breaking down breakfast into human compost? Well, prepare to get up close and personal. Thanks to a new era in affordable testing, anyone can have their personal colonies of bacteria – called the microbiome – tested and the results analysed to show just what the little critters are getting up to. If anything. And the fascination with our insides doesn’t stop there – a new generation of gut specialists are offering ways to tune up our microbiomes via therapies from oral supplements to (steel yourself) human poo transplants. This new interest in our interior nitty gritty is a natural progression from the idea that we are all stuffed full of “good” bacteria and “bad” bacteria – and that if you don’t have enough of the former, the latter will triumph in some kind of guerrilla war which leads ineluctably towards an upset stomach. But now science is suggesting our microbiome affects far more than just digestion. Researchers worldwide are speculating it could play a role in everything from our mental health, to our obesity and fertility levels, as well as our ability to combat diseases ranging from cancer to Parkinson’s, plus more obvious gut-related conditions such as Crohn’s disease. A new Swiss study in has even suggested that microbiota can affect how well we metabolise pharmaceutical drugs, too. The 50 food challenge However, there’s plenty that is still mysterious – how the bacteria affect so many different conditions, how they work together, how they can get out of balance and how that balance can be restored. Perhaps it’s no surprise, then, that home microbiome testing is becoming popular, especially as all it takes is a quick stool sample and a little patience: results take about two months to come back. With that in mind, I recently put my own flora under the microscope, using an AtlasBiomed test offered by Welsh kefir producers Chuckling Goat, which results in a 70-odd page report for £129. The results are detailed and well explained, with your bacteria counts and related chances of certain diseases marked out of 10. The first – and probably least disputed category – is diversity. Although so much of the microbiome is a mystery, what is uncontested is the need for variety. Your gut should be like a sort of bacterial , as we need lots of different bugs – working together and alone – to reap the benefits. Mine, however, was depressingly vanilla. Out of 10, I scored 4 for diversity – of the strains I did have, I only scored 4 out of 10 for quality, too. In particular, I had almost no – normally one of the most common and beneficial bacteria in the human gut, which helps to keep “bad” bacteria levels in check Worst of all, the report said that my microbiome isn’t even British, it is ‘North American’. Which is to say, that it is most commonly found in those who often eat sweets, fizzy drinks, fried and fast food. So frustrating – as I follow a mostly Mediterranean diet of fresh veg, fish and olive oil, honestly. The top 10 gut foods Shann Jones, co-director of Chuckling Goat, explained to me that my results weren’t alarming; just signs of a system out of balance, which needed support. “Think of your microbiome as the Amazon rain forest,” she says. “When it’s healthy, it contains lots of different species. But if it gets polluted, some wildlife dies off and can’t replace itself. In our microbiomes this can be due to antibiotics, illness or diet. So, it’s not ideal but it can be improved.” Dr Julian Kenyon of the Dove Integrated Medical Care centre in Twyford, Hampshire has also had his microbiome tested. His results were good, he says, although his overall profile matched that of ‘Worldwide Peasants’ – the opposite to mine, suggesting a diet rich in vegetables, seeds, and grains. “That’s not so surprising,” he says. “I have a very varied diet, which is also true of people across the world who don’t rely on processed food or refrigeration.” Dr Kenyon has long had an interest in the gut – an early UK pioneer in probiotic supplements (which aim to replace levels of good bacteria), many of his patients come for intractable conditions such as chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), so offering microbiome testing has been a natural step. However, not everyone is convinced of the usefulness of testing. Registered Dietitian Samantha Gill, a spokesperson for the British Dietetic Association, says: “We don’t know what the ‘optimal’ or ‘perfect’ microbiome looks like. Our microbiome differs from person to person and along the gut. Dr Julian Kenyon has been a longtime probiotics pioneer Credit:  Christopher Pledger “Microbiome testing is still in its infancy and overall, the information provided will generally be limited, because our understanding of the microbiome is still evolving. Also, different companies use different methods, so you’re likely to get a different result.” She adds: “Testing your microbiome only provides a ‘snapshot’ of that particular point in time. If we were to have another test the day or week after, there is a good chance the results would differ.” Ben Mullish, clinical research fellow in gastroenterology at Imperial College London, agrees that we can’t read too much into microbiome testing yet, even though it is clearly of use. “We know that certain gut bacteria are associated with certain conditions,” he says. “The difficulty is we don’t know if these changes in bacteria are a cause of the condition, or consequence of having it. We don’t know if it is down to bad diet or the result of medication for example.” And he adds: “It’s not just about what bugs are there, but what are their functions, how do they interact? Read-outs give you composition data but don’t say what bacteria is doing. As it stands, with the current amount of knowledge we have, stool microbiome testing shouldn’t be used to influence clinical decision making.” Regardless, what scientists know is that some unhappy microbiomes respond to faecal microbiota transplants (FMT) – in layman’s terms, poo transplants, from fit, healthy donors such as young sportsmen, which help to repopulate your gut with the ‘good’ stuff. The process itself is less gruesome than it sounds – transplants can be administered via a pill, a naso-gastric tube or into the colon via a slender catheter (a sort of enema in reverse). How a gut health clinic changed my life So far, scientific trials have shown that a single treatment of FMT has an 80-90 per cent chance of curing infection with the superbug Clostridium difficile (C. diff). Other studies, says Mullish, are looking into its use for liver conditions, IBS and ulcerative colitis, though there is yet to be conclusive evidence. “Experience with FMT overall is that it is generally safe when administered in a hospital setting,” he adds. Yet is not without concerns. In the US, a clinical trial into FMT has just been halted after the death of a patient when the sample he was given was found to contain a strain of multi-drug resistant E. coli. Another patient in the same trial has fallen ill – although both were already immuno-compromised before they underwent treatment. FMT is carefully regulated in the UK, however, with strict guidelines about who should or should not have it. Donors are regularly screened to exclude people recently in areas with traveller’s diarrhoea, a family history of gut disease, or serious diseases. Transplants are on offer privately, if still considered unconventional by many in the field, who dispute their benefits. Dr Kenyon has tried one himself, claiming results over the following three months which surprised him. “I lost one and half stone without dieting, my hair grew thicker and my sleep improved. There was a definite improvement in my memory and sense of cognition, too.” He adds: “I wasn’t actually ill, but I got benefits which I hadn’t expected, with no downside.” How to keep your gut happy At Dr Kenyon’s clinic, 10 sessions of FMT cost around £4,000. He has already published one small study in the , which suggests that faecal microbiome testing is “clinically useful”, and says he has seen “significant success with infertility and failed IVF” after treating patients’ microbiomes with FMT. A new study, which is pre-publication, reports that “FMT is a safe and a promising treatment for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome associated with IBS”. Promising as it may be, Gill says we should concentrate on cultivating our own gut flora before considering adding someone else’s. Not fancying FMT myself, I’m relieved to hear that adjusting my diet might be enough to sort out my microbiome. “Fill up on fibre,” Gill suggests. “Fruit, veg, nuts, seeds, wholegrains, legumes. Some (such as artichokes, onion, garlic) contain natural prebiotics which are ‘food’ for our gut microbes.” She recommends yoghurts and fermented foods, which includes sauerkraut and kimchi, as they contain probiotics which will help to recolonise levels of good bacteria. Gill points out that some evidence suggests that sweeteners and smoking can both negatively affect the microbiome. And that you could see results quickly. “There are studies showing that significant shifts in dietary intake can alter our gut microbiota within a few days. Our microbiome is ‘flexible’– it will change depending on what you feed it.” Shann Jones (naturally) recommends drinking fermented kefir made from goat’s milk as it contains many strains of live bacteria: “You are the steward of your own ecosystem,” she says, “love it, feed it, don’t poison it.”



06/15/2019 - 11:00 AM

 

I Developed A Life-Threatening Tree Nut Allergy At 17. It Nearly Destroyed My Life.

I Developed A Life-Threatening Tree Nut Allergy At 17. It Nearly Destroyed My Life.I never considered how far-reaching the implications of this diagnosis could be.



06/15/2019 - 09:00 AM

 

Do You Need Medication for Anger?

Do You Need Medication for Anger?If you struggle with anger, read this guide to the strategies you can use to help manage your anger better, including possibly medication.



06/15/2019 - 08:34 AM

 

NASA Helps Plug a Hole in Maxar's Budget

NASA Helps Plug a Hole in Maxar's BudgetWith friends like these, does even a pessimistic investor dare risk shorting Maxar stock?



06/15/2019 - 07:37 AM

 

France's 'wolf brigade': Alps guards with licence to kill

France's 'wolf brigade': Alps guards with licence to killNext to them, two khaki-clad watchmen settle down for the night in the Mercantour National Park on the border with Italy, equipped with thermal-vision cameras, warm jackets and a rifle with a night-vision scope. The pair are part of France's "wolf brigade", employed by the state to protect livestock from a predator that was hunted to extinction in France in the early 20th century but is now making a grand comeback. Starting in 1992, grey wolves started re-appearing in France, arriving across the Alps from Italy, which has rejected calls for a cull of its flourishing population of the fanged mammals.



06/15/2019 - 07:26 AM

 

Indonesia returns five containers of waste to the US

Indonesia returns five containers of waste to the USIndonesia has returned five containers of rubbish to the United States and will not become a "dumping ground", officials said Saturday, the latest Southeast Asian country to return imported waste. The containers were supposed to contain only paper scrap, according to the customs documents. Instead they were loaded with other waste including bottles, plastic waste, and diapers, said senior environment ministry official Sayid Muhadhar.



06/15/2019 - 06:34 AM

 

Zero elephants poached in a year in top Africa wildlife park

Zero elephants poached in a year in top Africa wildlife parkOne of Africa's largest wildlife preserves is marking a year without a single elephant found killed by poachers, which experts call an extraordinary development in an area larger than Switzerland where thousands of the animals have been slaughtered in recent years. The apparent turnaround in Niassa reserve in a remote region of northern Mozambique comes after the introduction of a rapid intervention police force and more assertive patrolling and response by air, according to the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society, which manages the reserve with Mozambique's government and several other partners. Monitoring of the vast reserve with aerial surveys and foot patrols remains incomplete and relies on sampling, however.



06/15/2019 - 06:08 AM

 

Chip Bulls With `Fairy Dust' Optimism Absorb Another Body Blow

Chip Bulls With `Fairy Dust' Optimism Absorb Another Body BlowBroadcom Inc. gave investors a taste of a worst-case scenario late Thursday, chopping $2 billion off its annual sales forecast. Chief Executive Officer Hock Tan told investors the company is suffering from a "very, very sharp and rapid contraction" as a result of the trade uncertainty and U.S. ban on sales to Huawei Technologies, one of Broadcom’s biggest customers. Chipmakers fell Friday, with the Philadelphia semiconductor index closing with a loss of 2.6%.



06/15/2019 - 06:00 AM

 

Who Has Been Buying Spirax-Sarco Engineering plc (LON:SPX) Shares?

Who Has Been Buying Spirax-Sarco Engineering plc (LON:SPX) Shares?We've lost count of how many times insiders have accumulated shares in a company that goes on to improve markedly...



06/15/2019 - 04:50 AM

 

From alkaline diets to turmeric, eight of the biggest nutrition lies

From alkaline diets to turmeric, eight of the biggest nutrition liesWe all know that what we choose to eat can have an impact on our health - and right now, there’s no shortage of advice, from cookbooks, apps and Insta health gurus. But most of us are still walking about wondering things like: should I be cutting carbs? Or eating them, but just not the gluten-filled ones? Should I be vegan? Or paleo? The simple act of eating has become a minefield of paradoxical ‘facts’. Obviously, not everybody talking about nutrition on the internet is doing a bad job - and many of the people out there have good intentions. But as dietitians, and founders of The Rooted Project - offering up nutrition information based on facts, not fads - we believe that people with significant influence and followings have an ethical responsibility to get it right. Here, we expose eight of the most popular myths we hear peddled in the world of wellness. No diets, no nonsense: 10 back-to-basics nutrition guidelines to live by 1. Coconut oil is better than olive oil Along with being a cure for diseases from diabetes to Alzheimer’s, this ‘miracle’ ingredient is claimed to promote weight loss by affecting our metabolism and appetite. It contains lauric acid, a fat belonging to a group called medium chain triglycerides (MCTs), which have been found to have these effects. However, scientists now dispute whether lauric acid actually behaves like an MCT in the body. Like all oils, coconut oil is a high-calorie food. One tablespoon contains about 120 calories, roughly the same as half a jam doughnut. So adding a lot to your diet could cause weight gain. In terms of heart health, the best available evidence shows coconut oil increases cholesterol more than vegetable oils; it also contains 82 per cent saturated fat, whereas butter contains 63 per cent and olive oil 14 per cent. Coconut oil is promoted as being a good oil to cook with as it remains stable when heated, however this is only the case with the refined variety. Refined olive oil, rapeseed oil and avocado oil are better choices for high-temperature cooking. Unless you are trying to increase your calorie intake, there is no need to add coconut oil to your coffee or cakes. Unless you are trying to increase your calorie intake, there is no need to add coconut oil to your coffee or cakes Credit: AshaSathees Photography/Moment RF 2. Low carb diets are best for weight loss How many times have you heard that to lose weight you should ‘cut the carbs’? In simple terms, the theory is that carbohydrates are uniquely fattening because when we eat them our insulin levels go up, meaning we break down less fat and move more of it into storage. However, we know from ‘metabolic ward studies’ - where the participants live in a controlled environment, with food intake measured and recorded - that the percentage of dietary fat or carbohydrate in a diet makes very little difference to the amount of weight lost. Real world studies have found the same thing. Often, people who prefer low-carb diets state that they make them feel less hungry - which may be due to them eating more protein - and that they find they lose weight quickly in the initial stages - which is less to do with fat-burning efficiency and more to do with a loss of water weight. After about 12 months, however, on average there is no difference between low-carb and low-fat diets for weight loss. While following a low-carb diet may suit you, there is no one ‘best’ dietary pattern for everyone. It’s better to find one that meets your needs, that you enjoy and that you can follow in the long term. 4 ways to help your weight loss 3. Sugar feeds cancer Recently, amid claims that cancer cells ferment sugar, it has been sugggested that cutting it out of our diet (and following a high-fat, ketogenic diet) could help to slow or even cure cancer. The picture is complicated. Although there are animal studies that suggest reducing carbohydrates in the diet might be beneficial for some cancers, human evidence is extremely limited, and scientists are still (rightly) sceptical. It might be that, in the future, we learn that a diet lower in carbohydrates could work alongside chemotherapy for some types of cancer. However, as of yet, we just don’t know. Undertaking a diet like this with a cancer diagnosis (or not) is not without risks and has the potential to make things much worse. 4. Dairy leaches calcium from your bones The rise of veganism has seen a rise in conspiracy soundbites like this. People who promote this myth state that milk is ‘acidic’, and causes calcium to leak out from your bones to neutralise the threat, making them weaker. Some observational studies have seen that the countries with the highest intake of dairy products also have the highest incidence of osteoporosis. However, this theory falls down in a number of places. Firstly, dairy foods are rich in calcium, protein and minerals, all of which are essential for good bone health - this is backed up by clinical studies. Secondly, it does not acknowledge the role your kidneys play in maintaining blood pH; they filter out any ‘acidic’ compounds and you pass them out in your urine – your bones aren’t involved in this process. The Alkaline diet, which removes ‘acid-forming foods’ and replaces them with ‘alkaline-forming foods', has been backed by celebrities including Victoria Beckham and Gwyneth Paltrow Credit: Stefanie Keenan/Getty Images Contributor 5. An alkaline diet is healthier Popular in the UK thanks to the backing of celebrities including Victoria Beckham and Gwyneth Paltrow, this diet removes ‘acid-forming foods’ and replaces them with ‘alkaline-forming foods’. When you metabolise foods they produce waste, which can be either acidic or alkaline and is often referred to as ‘ash’. The alkaline diet is based around the idea that acidic ash can cause diseases such as depression, cancer and osteoporosis. The trouble is that your body’s inbuilt regulatory systems (lungs and kidneys) keep your blood pH very tightly controlled, and it isn’t possible to change your body’s pH with diet. You can, however, change the pH of your urine, which is what often draws people into the diet.  Most of the foods suggested on the alkaline diet are fresh fruits and vegetables, and many on the ‘avoid’ list are things like sweets, cakes and biscuits, etc, so followers may see an improvement to the quality of their diet. But this is nothing to do with acidity, and avoiding ‘acid-forming’ foods like meat, fish and lentils could mean you miss out on beneficial nutrients. What to eat to improve your gut health 6. Grains are toxic for the gut Grains get a bad rap, with many people claiming that they are toxic and can cause damage to our gut lining, in turn causing ‘leaky gut’. This has been blamed on lectins, an indigestible protein found in grains and other foods, such as legumes, vegetables and eggs. As they travel through our digestive system unchanged, it’s thought that they could be damaging to the gut wall. However, we don’t eat lectins in isolation or in large enough amounts for them to be a problem. Uncooked grains and legumes have high amounts, but as long as you’re cooking and preparing your food properly, they’re nothing to worry about. Grains do contain lectins, but they also contain gut-loving fibre and antioxidants, so the benefits far outweigh the risks. Diet patterns which are high in whole grains, like the Mediterranean diet, have been linked with healthy and long lives. 7. Meat causes cancer Although scientists are fairly certain that people who eat larger amounts of red meat, particularly processed meats, have a higher risk of colorectal cancer, the level of risk is fairly small. Cancer is a complex disease that doesn’t have one single cause, and can be influenced by many different factors. It’s also likely from a dietary perspective that your actual risk of cancer also depends on your diet as a whole, rather than the inclusion or exclusion of meat. This was reflected in the Oxford EPIC study, which found a small reduction in risk of all cancers in vegetarians, but a higher risk of colorectal cancer. Scientists may believe the link between red meat and colorectal cancer is pretty certain, but the level of risk is fairly small Credit: The Picture Pantry/Alloy 8. Turmeric is anti-ageing Putting turmeric into drinks and tonics is currently a big thing in the wellness industry. It’s claimed that its anti-inflammatory effects promote healthy brain ageing and decrease your risk of chronic health conditions like diabetes and even cancer. The part of turmeric thought to possess these beneficial properties is a compound called curcumin. Turmeric only contains teeny amounts (maximum 5 per cent, but often as low as 2–3 per cent) which is very poorly absorbed from the spice. Studies in test tubes have shown that turmeric has some potential as an anti-inflammatory/anti-cancer agent, but so far we have very few human experiments. Regularly using it in curries or having a turmeric latte may have a beneficial effect on your health over the long term - who knows? - but it’s not a cure-all and certainly shouldn’t replace modern medical therapies that have been shown to work. Maybe curcumin will be used along with conventional cancer treatment one day, but at the moment it’s way too early to tell. Is Butter a Carb? by Rosie Saunt, Helen West published by Little, Brown Book Group RRP £14.99. Buy now for £12.99 at books.telegraph.co.uk or call 0844 871 1514



06/15/2019 - 02:00 AM

 

Student battling leukemia beats the odds, graduates as prom king

Student battling leukemia beats the odds, graduates as prom kingFamily and friends gathered to watch their loved ones walk across the stage at the Philadelphia Performing Arts charter school Friday to begin the next chapter of their lives. The day was especially meaningful for one student, who spent many of his high school years in the hospital battling cancer. At the age of 13, Tom Sweeney was diagnosed with leukemia.



06/15/2019 - 01:42 AM

 

The U.S. Military Is Testing Hypersonic Missiles on B-52 Bombers

The U.S. Military Is Testing Hypersonic Missiles on B-52 BombersAmerica’s future hypersonic arsenal is moving closer to reality.The U.S. Air Force successfully conducted the first flight test of its new hypersonic missile. An AGM-183A Air Launched Rapid Response Weapon, or ARRW, was launched from a B-52 bomber at Edwards Air Force Base, California.Though billed as a flight test, the missile did not actually take flight. “A sensor-only version of the ARRW prototype was carried externally by a B-52 during the test to gather environmental and aircraft handling data,” according to the Air Force announcement. “The test gathered data on drag and vibration impacts on the weapon itself and on the external carriage equipment of the aircraft. The prototype did not have explosives and it was not released from the B-52 during the flight test. This type of data collection is required for all Air Force weapon systems undergoing development.”ARRW is one of two Air Force “rapid prototyping” programs aimed at quickly deploying a hypersonic missile, which is defined as an object with a speed of at least Mach 5. The other is the Hypersonic Conventional Strike Weapon, or HCSW. ARRW is set to reach early operational capability by fiscal year 2022.



06/15/2019 - 01:00 AM

 

The Navy Passed on This Aircraft Carried (Armed With Nuclear Weapons)

The Navy Passed on This Aircraft Carried (Armed With Nuclear Weapons)The schematics for CVA-58 nonetheless informed the Navy’s first supercarriers, named rather appropriately the Forrestal-class, laid down during the Korean War. But the heavy-bomber carrying United States remains notable as the supercarrier the Navy absolutely thought it needed—but which with literally just a couple years more hindsight it discovered it truly could do without.(This article appeared earlier this year.)In the wake of the mushroom clouds that blossomed over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, it swiftly dawned on political and military leaders across the globe that warfare between superpowers would never again be the same. But what exactly were the implications of nuclear weapons when it came to planning military force structure?In the United States, it was assumed that nuclear weapons would be widely employed in future conflicts, rendering conventional land armies and fleets at sea irrelevant. The newly formed Air Force particularly argued that carrier task forces and armored divisions were practically obsolete when (ostensibly) just a few air-dropped nuclear bombs could annihilate them in one fell swoop.The Air Force touted it soon-to-be operational fleet of ten-thousand-mile-range B-36 Peacemaker nuclear bombers as the only vital war-winning weapon of the nuclear age. This logic resonated conveniently with the postwar political program mandating sharp cuts to U.S. defense spending and force structure—which the Air Force naturally argued should fall upon the Army and Navy.



06/15/2019 - 12:00 AM

 

Womankind's giant leap: who will be the first female moonwalker?

Womankind's giant leap: who will be the first female moonwalker?More than fifty years after the end of the Apollo program, NASA plans to return to the Moon by 2024 as a "proving ground" to test the next generation of spacecraft ahead of an eventual crewed mission to Mars. No one knows for sure, but it's a likely bet the candidate will be selected from among NASA's current roster of 12 female astronauts. Predicting who will join Neil Armstrong in the annals of history isn't an exact science, but several former astronauts and experts interviewed by AFP say the proximity of the deadline mean it probably won't be a new recruit.



06/14/2019 - 09:59 PM

 

Growers hope standards bring order to hemp industry 'mess'

Growers hope standards bring order to hemp industry 'mess'A global hemp research lab announced Thursday in Oregon, coupled with a nascent national review board for hemp varieties and a handful of seed certification programs nationwide, are the first stabs at addressing those concerns — and at creating accountability by standardizing U.S. hemp for a global market. "If you look at a lot of financial markets, they're all saying, 'People are investing in this, and we have no idea what to divide it by," said Jay Noller, head of Oregon State University's new Global Hemp Innovation Center.



06/14/2019 - 08:14 PM

 

Patient's Death After Fecal Transplant Highlights the Dangers of DIY Treatments

Patient's Death After Fecal Transplant Highlights the Dangers of DIY TreatmentsOn Thursday, the FDA issued a safety communication warning the public about the dangers of fecal transplants after the death of a patient.



06/14/2019 - 06:52 PM

 

Mom Shares Photo of Her Son’s Sepsis Symptoms to Warn Other Parents

Mom Shares Photo of Her Son’s Sepsis Symptoms to Warn Other ParentsA mom's 8-year-old had fallen at the zoo. About a week later the concerning red streaks formed.



06/14/2019 - 06:13 PM

 

CDC director praises Alabama HIV clinic ahead of campaign

CDC director praises Alabama HIV clinic ahead of campaignAs the federal government prepares to launch an ambitious initiative to end the HIV epidemic, the director of the Centers for Disease Control on Friday applauded an Alabama HIV clinic's commitment to providing health services to rural communities. Director Robert Redfield met with state public health officials and toured the Medical Advocacy & Outreach clinic in Montgomery to begin laying the groundwork for the decade-long federal campaign.



06/14/2019 - 06:07 PM

 

 

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